With the cooling of the weather in winter, our skin experiences moisture loss, and our skin needs extra care in this process. Our Hospital Skin and Venereal Diseases (Dermatology) Specialist Dr. Burcu Minareci made suggestions so that our skin does not lose moisture in winter and stay healthy.

How to increase the moisture value of dry skin in winter due to weather conditions?

As you know, our skin is a texture that is related to the external environment, so it is very affected by the changes in the external environment and climate. In the coming days, the weather will start to get colder. Both cold air and wind will cause a decrease in the moisture content of our skin. Therefore, we should take care to use moisturizer daily. Since sweating is more intense in summer, we prefer water-based moisturizers, while in winter, we should prefer intense moisturizers suitable for our skin that reduce moisture loss.

Do we need to use protective sunscreen in winter to protect our skin?

It is very important for our skin to protect from the sun. Because the sun’s rays damage and dry our skin over time, causing various sunspots and carcinogenic transformations. The ultraviolet rays of the sun that damage our skin are present in summer and winter. In other words, the harmful rays we are exposed to in the summer reach the world even when we do not see the sun in the winter or when the weather is cloudy. And it has the same accumulating and carcinogenic effect on our skin. For this reason, it is very important to protect from the sun also in winter. I recommend wearing sunscreen at least when leaving the house, even in cloudy sunless weather.

What are the care suggestions for dry skin and oily & combination skin?

Skin type features are important in product selection. While mostly oil-based moisturizers are recommended for dry skin, water-based or acne prevention products are recommended to reduce the risk of acne in oily and combination skin. My advice to people who care about their skin is to wash them with a cleansing product suitable for their skin, then use a suitable moisturizer and  sunscreen for summer and winter, and to choose an antiageing product suitable for their age at night. With this simple standard care, the skin stays both healthier and younger.

How can we make a fresh start to the new season and new weather conditions by purifying our skin from the effects of summer and the sun?

In summer, sun rays, salt water of the sea, chlorinated pool water may cause dryness, loss of elasticity, sunspot on our skin. This situation causes our skin to look dull, pale, lifeless and older. In addition, skin blemishes create light and dark brown areas on the face and cause aesthetical anxiety.

We can say that it is the skin renewal period since September. First of all, we should begin with drinking plenty of water, we should include more antioxidants (walnut, avocado, grapefruit, etc.) and green tea in our diet. We should use moisturizers, support the skin with creams containing A, E and C vitamins in the evening, and cleanse the upper dead tissue.

In addition, the best time to do mesotherapy where regenerating serums, hyaluronic acid and vitamins are applied to our faces with small injections is the autumn and winter months. Again, with the youth vaccine, intense moisture loss can be eliminated. With golden needle applications, elasticity, colour equalization, subcutaneous collagen formation can be restored.

What should be done to prevent rashes and windburn?

In the autumn and winter months, our skin is under the influence of different factors. Cold and windy weather can also harm the skin; this situation will be more disturbing especially in patients with a tendency to rosacea with more prominent superficial capillaries on the face. Again, drying, redness, cracking, thickening of the skin of the hands, that is, an eczematous appearance may occur in our body parts and hands that are in contact with cold and dry air. The most effective way to prevent this is to protect ourselves by wearing suitable clothing, e.g. gloves. In addition, we should use moisturizers containing dense oil and urea for our hands and body, and if we cannot prevent them with these, we can use cortisone creams recommended by our doctor.7



Enlarged prostate; Benign prostate enlargement, or benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) as it is known in medical literature, is an important health problem affecting most men over the age of 50. Our hospital’s Urology Specialist Op. Dr. Hakan ÇAKICI made a statement on the subject.

What is the prostate?

The prostate is an organ found only in men and located at the exit of the urine bag. There is a belief among the public that the prostate is found only in old men and it is formed later, this is incorrect information. Just like our liver, kidney and other organs, it is an organ that exists from birth. The prostate is a secretory gland and secretes some of its content and plays a role in maintaining the vitality of the sperm. It is an important organ in men’s sexual health and reproduction.

What is an enlarged prostate?

The size of the prostate gland is on average 15-25 cc in young adults. With advancing age, prostate tissue begins to grow with the effect of hormonal changes in the body and since it is located at the outlet of the bladder, it also puts pressure on the urinary ducts. As a result, frequent findings such as difficulty urinating and intermittent urination occur. Prostate enlargement can be in the form of benign growth or cancer (malignant). It is benign growth that is common in society.

What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?

Difficulty urinating, intermittent urination, frequent urination, urinating twice or more at night and the feeling of inability to empty the bladder completely are among the complaints of prostate enlargement.

How is an enlarged prostate diagnosed?

After all complaints are evaluated, an examination is performed first. Blood tests (PSA) and urinalysis are performed. With ultrasonography, the size of the prostate is measured and the kidneys are evaluated. With the measurement of the urine flow rate, the level of the person’s urinary problem is decided. In the light of all these evaluations, prostate biopsy can be performed if cancer is suspected.

How to treat enlarged prostate?

Treatment for benign prostate enlargement is divided into two as medical treatment and surgical treatment. There are several drugs for medical treatment and can be used safely in eligible patients. However, nowadays, there are products that are claimed to be made of herbal origin and sold on the internet with increasing frequency. It is recommended not to use such products without consulting your doctor.

Surgical treatment can be basically described as open and closed methods.

Open surgery is generally a preferred method for 80cc and above prostates. For prostates under 80cc, closed surgery methods are preferred. Today, as closed surgery, the method we call TUR is the accepted gold standard surgery. With technological development, different methods (Laser, Microwave, Tuna etc.) have been described. However, since the long-term results of these methods are not yet sufficient, TUR surgery is still considered as the gold standard method. Treatment should be individualized for each patient; While drug therapy is appropriate for a patient with a 60 cc prostate, surgery may be required for another patient with a 60 cc prostate.

What should be done to prevent prostate enlargement?

Prostate enlargement starts after the age of 45, depending on hormonal changes in our body. We can accept this growth as a part of the transition from middle age to old age. It is known that a natural and healthy diet can prevent the development of prostate cancer and benign prostate enlargement. Rather than consuming a specific food, it is recommended to focus on a diet based on vegetables and fruits and to avoid constipation. It is claimed that a Western fast-food diet increases the risk of prostate cancer. Restricting smoking and alcohol use will also help reduce prostate enlargement and related problems.


Our hospital’s Nutrition and Diet Specialist Sinem KAYA SAVCI answered those who were curious about the foods that strengthen our immunity in these days when the winter makes us feel better.

Why does our body’s immunity drop in winter?
With the cooling of the weather, both our immune system and our metabolism slow down. As long as this happens, our physical activities begin to decrease and our water consumption decreases, this time with malnutrition. All three factors slow down our metabolism and immune system. We can strengthen our immune system by making changes in our diet. At the same time, as our body starts to get cold during this period, we tend to prefer carbohydrate foods or high-calorie foods that provide high energy. Because we act in this way, this time we increase weight and our immune system slows down.
What foods do we need to consume to strengthen our immunity?
In order to strengthen our immune system, we must first eat protein-based foods. Proteins are very important in this process. There are two types of protein; one of animal origin, the other of vegetable origin. Proteins of animal origin are foods such as meat, milk, chicken and fish. On the other hand, we need to add legumes such as walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, dried beans, chickpeas and kidney beans to our meals during winter. Another factor is vitamin C, which is very important in this process. There is vitamin C in green leafy vegetables, especially citrus fruits such as orange, tangerine and grapefruit. In addition, capia pepper is also very high in vitamin C. Vitamin D is mostly taken from the sun, but we cannot benefit from vitamin D much in the winter months. Vitamin D, which is one of the most important factors for strengthening our immunity, is also found in salmon and milk. In addition, omega 3 also helps to increase our immunity. Fish should be consumed 2-3 times a week, especially in the winter months when the fish season opens. Likewise, walnuts can also be consumed as they contain omega 3.
Metabolism slows down during the winter months. What should be consumed to speed up metabolism?
We need to improve our diet. We have a sample plate model for a healthy diet. The sample plate means that half of the plate consists of vegetables and the other half of protein and carbohydrates. We need to change our eating habits and eat less often and less. Think of our metabolism like a machine. The more you run, the more efficiency you will get. For this reason, nutrition is a must at this point. The second is water consumption. In the winter months, unfortunately, with the cooling of the weather, our water consumption decreases and we start to consume more hot drinks. But these do not replace water. For this reason, we should consume at least 2-2.5 liters of water a day, even up to 3 liters if we can go up. Unfortunately, our physical activity decreases as we cannot go out with the cooling of the weather during the winter months. But at this point, it is very important to act by making small movements at home. If a person has problems such as weakness, insomnia, indigestion and constipation, we can say that he has a poor metabolism. On the other hand, green tea should be consumed to speed up metabolism. However, herbal teas require a limited consumption, the amount we recommend is two cups a day. Second, because coffee contains caffeine, it significantly speeds up our metabolism and gives us a feeling of satiety for a long time, especially by helping us in weight control. Turkish coffee and filter coffee can be consumed in a way that does not exceed two cups a day. We do not prefer creams and coffees as they turn into fat in the body. Apart from that, proteins are very important. We need to include meat, fish, milk and eggs in our diet. Pulp is very important for us, we also need to consume foods with high fiber content such as vegetables, fruits, grains and oats. Hot peppers are also at the top of the foods that speed up the metabolism.
What are the benefits of consuming vegetables and fruits in different colors?
Turkey is an amazing country we can find everything in terms of nutrition. Each color in nutrition has different effects on our body.
White foods protect us against viral bacteria and infections. It has a protective feature against cancer. Vegetables such as onions, garlic and cauliflower are included in the white foods group. We can easily consume them during the winter months. In fact, these foods are also referred to as natural antibiotics.
If we look at purple vegetables and fruits, it is possible to call them as youth vaccines. Vegetables and fruits such as plum, eggplant and blackberry fall into the purple category. It has a serious cardioprotective effect, on the other hand, it has a positive effect on our circulatory system. If people with heirs consume these foods, the heir is also therapeutic because it has an accelerating effect on blood flow.

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