Internal Diseases (Internal Medicine) Specialist Dr. Emre Yilmaz shared important information about Anemia, one of the most common diseases of our age.
What is anemia?
Anemia is the fact that our red blood cells (RBCs), which are responsible for carrying oxygen to our cells, are below certain values according to gender.
What are the causes of anemia?
Although the most common cause is Iron Deficiency anemia, other vitamin and mineral deficiencies (b12, folic acid, zinc, etc.), chronic diseases (kidney failure, thyroid diseases, liver diseases, etc.) or genetic reasons (Mediterranean anemia) can be seen.
What are the symptoms of anemia?
In Iron Deficiency anemia, as we often see in women, is due to chronic blood loss (menstrual bleeding) in the long term, even if it becomes severe, symptoms may be uncertain. Weakness, increased hair loss, nail breakage, shortness of breath, pale skin colour, palpitations are the common symptoms. Rare symptoms like depression and irritability can also be seen.
Who is at greater risk for anemia?
Pre-menopausal women and those with chronic diseases (rheumatism, kidney, heart and liver failures, hemorrhoids, etc.) have a higher rate of anemia.
How is anemia treated?
Anemia treatment is in the form of treatment of the missing substance, or the disease causing it. In the most common Iron Deficiency anemia, we can rapidly deliver iron in an amount equivalent to the amount of iron that can be received in 1-2 months with serum treatment for 15 minutes in patients who have digestive problems with these drugs in addition to iron drugs in the form of tablets or capsules, or when these drugs are not effective.
How to live with anemia?
You do not have to live with anemia, it is easy to diagnose and treat with regular controls.